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Genesis 1:1

In the beginning בְּרֵאשִׁ֖ית
created בָּרָ֣א

God אֱלֹהִ֑ים
(unknown word) אֵ֥ת

the heavens הַשָּׁמַ֖יִם
(unknown word) וְאֵ֥ת

the earth הָאָֽרֶץ׃

I would like some information on these two words that don't have an English translation. I have noticed them throughout the old testament and am quite curious about them. What are they? What are they telling us? Also, I have noticed that sometimes there is a "dash" or "negative sign" before these words. I am wondering what the significance of this is as well.
In

Genesis 1:4

saw God (unknown word with dash before it) אֶת־ the light that was good...

Thank you so much for any light you can shed on this for me please.

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I didn't notice until you updated the title, which uses a larger font, that the Hebrew you quoted includes cantillation marks. Just FYI, that curve under the word "et" isn't part of the word. –  Gone Quiet May 27 '13 at 4:52
    
Is it just the curve or all of the dots and symbols? –  Kate May 27 '13 at 5:33
1  
The curves on "b'reishit" and "et" and the right angle on "bara" are trop marks; the rest are vowels. –  Gone Quiet May 27 '13 at 14:39

protected by Dan Jun 18 '14 at 14:03

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