In the beginning בְּרֵאשִׁ֖ית
(unknown word) אֵ֥ת
the heavens הַשָּׁמַ֖יִם
(unknown word) וְאֵ֥ת
the earth הָאָֽרֶץ׃
I would like some information on these two words that don't have an English translation. I have noticed them throughout the old testament and am quite curious about them. What are they? What are they telling us? Also, I have noticed that sometimes there is a "dash" or "negative sign" before these words. I am wondering what the significance of this is as well.
saw God (unknown word with dash before it) אֶת־ the light that was good...
Thank you so much for any light you can shed on this for me please.