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Acts 7:14 states that "Joseph sent word and invited Jacob his father and all his relatives to come to him, seventy-five persons in all." This seems to contradict Deut. 10:22, Ex. 1:5; and Gen. 46:27 which all say it was 70 persons. What accounts for this difference?

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1 Answer 1

Acts 7:14 is part of a speech which Luke records. The speech is given by Stephen, a Greek Jew who no doubt would have read the Septuagint. The Septuagint (along with the Dead Sea Scrolls) varies from the Masoretic Text in both Genesis 46:27 and Exodus 1:5 and reads instead "75 people." It's likely Stephen was quoting this tradition.

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Interesting! The Masoretic text enumerates them; I take it the Septuagint doesn't? Or does it list five more names? –  Gone Quiet Apr 22 '13 at 20:40
    
@MonicaCellio Earlier in Genesis 46:27, the LXX has "nine children" instead of "two sons". There are also a number of name differences in the lists of persons. The LXX doesn't seem to reconcile Deut. 10:22, though. –  Soldarnal Apr 22 '13 at 20:44
    
The text of the LXX included the son and grandson of Manasseh in addition to two sons and a grandson of Ephraim -- thus the addition of 5 persons. –  Joseph Apr 23 '13 at 15:16

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