Thank you Jack and Tau. I will now attempt to qualify my position and will start by acknowledging the definition of the word chronology as a listing of events that occur in order with respect to time. An event may be recorded first followed by the time-period or vice versa. Both methods of recording the chronology is employed in the text. I do not think any will disagree that this prophecy is a chronology of the seventy weeks timeline given to Daniel’s people to executive six assignments listed in Daniel 9:24. According to the biblical text the chronology given is as follows:
- From the time that a commandment goes forth to the Jewish people unto the Messiah, the Prince (or the final event is interpreted as the anointing of the Prince) is seven weeks (Daniel 9:25). In other words, from the first day of the first week a commandment goes out to the people and on the last day of the seventh week the Prince that is prophesized to come (Daniel 9:26) is anointed. In the case of Israel’s Messiah or anointed one, the Prince or God’s son and chosen servant is anointed with the Holy Spirit (Isaiah 42:1; 61:1) at his baptism (Matthew 3:16 – 17). This text says nothing about the triumphant entry of Jesus into Jerusalem which shows a different meaning to the Jews.
- And for sixty-two weeks the street and wall of the holy city is rebuilt in troublesome times (Daniel 9:25). Note the word and between the seven weeks and sixty-two weeks does not exclusively mean “to add to” but the word can also mean then, also, furthermore, etc.
- After the sixty-two weeks time-period the Messiah is cut-off and the people of the Prince destroys the sanctuary and the city (Daniel 9:26).
- A covenant is ratified or confirmed for many in the last week (Daniel9:27) by: the Messiah being cut off from the first day of the seventieth week which is after the sixty-two weeks time-period (Daniel 9:26) and in the middle of that week he causes the need for sacrifice and oblation to cease (Daniel 9:27; Hebrews 10:18). Then by the last day of the seventieth week the purpose of the timeline must be fulfilled with the execution of all six assignments mentioned in Daniel 9:24, otherwise the prophecy will be meaningless.
One can see above that all of the foretold events take place on specific days not years. Other scripture also confirm that the timeline should be constructed on the basis of days rather than years. For example God prophesized about the Branch that was to rebuild his temple and bear the glory (Zechariah 6:12 – 13) that the iniquity of the land will be removed in one day (Zechariah. 3:8 – 9). In another place God indicates that in the same day he cleanses the house of Israel from all their iniquities, the wastes shall be rebuilt and he will cause them to dwell in the cities (Eze. 36:33). This day is the resurrection day of Christ because if he did not rise from the dead we will all be still in sin (1 Corinthains 15:17). Now in order to understand prophecy in general the similitudes (signs, shadows, analogies, etc.) used in the text must be understood because God used these in the ministry of his prophets (Hosea 12:10). Obviously this prophecy is not about the construction of the earthly city of Jerusalem but rather Mount Zion, the heavenly Jerusalem (Hebrews 12:22) the holy city of God for which Christ first appeared to the Jews (Acts 3:26).
So to answer your original question Tau, for this prophecy it is not good hermeneutics to assume the rendering of the seventy weeks as 490 years. I have plotted these weeks on Hebrew calendars (354 days/year) and verified their accuracy and precision according to the three characteristic time-periods specified in the prophetic text which reveals the calendars of the gospel of Jesus Christ. This is in accordance with the testimony of the apostle Paul that it all occurred on days foretold in the scriptures (1 Corinthains 15:1 – 4).