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Is there a connection linguistically between the word for "Seven" and for "Sabbath" in the Biblical languages, Hebrew/Aramaic/Greek? If so, could someone explain it to me.

This is related to the textual phrase "first day of the week" in the New Testament. see "The first day of the week in Corinthians 16:2" related also to Peshitta--the difference between "Sabbath" and "week"

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I would link to the relevant question also to show this question is related to a textual question (I know the context, but others may not and assume this is just a Hebrew language question, which would be off topic). –  user1985 Feb 17 '13 at 22:44
Relevantchart –  user2027 Dec 8 '14 at 21:32
This question has been discussed here: Linguistic or etymological relationship between the words “Sabbath” and “seven” –  fdb Feb 21 at 22:27

2 Answers 2

There is no connection at all in Hebrew. They have different triliteral roots. The idea that roots that share two letters are related is very weakly supported.

Shabbat: שבת 
Sheva: שבע
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Hebrew roots shows seemingly unconnected words that one will learn are divinely connected. Shabbat shares roots with "sheva" which means "7" and sheb'ou'aw which means "oath" and "shebet" which is a branch or scion or stick for writing or ruling, and shaba, which mean to have plenty. By the same token, with Hebrew being a picture language, "Torah," an archery term which means "to hit the mark," and has the same root as the word for teacher, moreh (מורה). A moreh is one who imparts instruction to his/her students. The second important word is parent, horeh (הורה). This indicates to us that one of the primary roles for a parent is to teach and instruct the child.

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Hello Rivkah, and welcome to Biblical Hermeneutics! We appreciate your thoughts here, but it isn’t self evident that words sharing two root letters are connected. Both of the other answers here have indicated that they are not. If you’d like to argue that they are connected, it would be helpful to cite a reliable source that explains the linguistic connection. Thanks. –  Susan Feb 21 at 22:29

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