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I was surprised recently to learn that 1st and 2nd Thessalonians appear in that order because of their relative size to one another rather than necessarily the order in which they were written. That said, I'm pretty convinced by the arguments that they happen to be in chronological order as well.

What I'm wondering, though, is what impact this would have on any interpretation. Certainly I can understand how it would impact one's historical reconstruction of what happened at the church in Thessalonica. But does it have any potential impact on understanding Paul's theology in the letters?

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Do you have a reference for the size ordering? I know that Paul's letters are ordered by size (Romans is the longest and Philemon the shortest), but I always assumed the "sequels" were grouped with the first letter and always followed it. Doesn't 2nd Thessalonians refer to some former communication? –  Jon Ericson Oct 19 '11 at 19:53
    
@JonEricson I am reading Gene Green's commentary (PNTC). He cites F.F. Bruce. –  Soldarnal Oct 20 '11 at 3:58
    
I found a note about Bruce's view on page 70 of this article. –  Jon Ericson Oct 20 '11 at 5:14
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@ Jon Ericson - Thanks for the reference, there is not a lot of info on that point of view! –  David Boswell Oct 21 '11 at 20:35
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This is a great question, in order to answer the question there is a lot to consider with regard to the order of the books.

There seems to be a lot of agreement that the letters were sent in the order that we read them in the scriptures, so I won't deal with that, but when I try to see how it could be the other way around (ie. 2 Thes and then 1 Thes) What I can see is that in Acts 17:1-10 Paul and Silas were together and travelled through Thessalonica on their journey. According to 1 Thes 3:1-3 we learn that Paul had sent Timothy previously to the church at Thessalonica. Did he go empty handed, or carrying a letter from Paul? 2 Thes 1 begins with a greeting from Paul, Silvanus and Timothy. Is this evidence enough to say that this letter was carried by Timothy to the church at Thessalonica before the other letter? I don't think this is conclusive, but it is great for us to think about. It also makes sense that Paul makes the note in 2 Thes 3:17 if this is the first letter they are receiving from him.

If we consider 2nd Thes. as the first letter sent out then Bruce's postulation that

since apocalyptic imagery is more widely used in Thessalonians than in the later letters, it is possible that the apostle came to realize that this was not the most adequate vehicle for expressing the Christian hope.

Summary

Our decisions regarding how we use eschatology in teaching the gospel and when and how we bring it into discussions with both believers and unbelievers is probably going to be affected as we see how Paul changed his strategies of trying to teach about the Christian HOPE. The order of books does not change the message of the HOPE we are offered, but perhaps more on the WAY that we as proclaimers of that HOPE do our duty.

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