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The biblical account of David's first escape from Saul in 1 Sam 19 mentions that his wife Michal camouflaged his escape by hiding an "image" (KJV) or a "household idol" (NASB) in his bed.

Is that to mean that David allowed idols in his own home?

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Having the idol in his home is a clear sign of henotheism. All though David worshiped Yahweh, they still acknowledged the fact that other people had gods of their own accord. It is not until 2nd Isaiah where we see the universalism of an absolute monotheistic society. I hope this helps you!

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Idols were commonplace in David's time, perhaps his wife Michal went out and purchased one to help cover up his escape.

Another possibility is that other residents in his household worshiped the idols and David never expressly forbade idols from his household, thus Michal may have borrowed or moved an idol from elsewhere in the house.

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+1 on explaining the content and culture of that time. –  aggietech Oct 4 '11 at 19:56
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The hebrew of this account is התרפים, which literally translates as "THE images/idols," which would help strengthen the idea that the idols were already in the house. Furthermore, the language used is one of "taking," which also implies that they were lying around. –  Michael Siev Oct 4 '11 at 21:05
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It's very likely that David did not know of the idol in his home. Household idols may have had a significance to women which they didn't have for men (not being as occupied with household affairs as women, and household/hearth idols frequently having associations with fertility). Note e.g. Genesis 31:34 (Rachel on the camel saying she has PMS) - Jacob had no idea that she had these idols. –  James Feb 14 '12 at 3:44
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