Hebrews 1:5-14 should prove that Jesus is superior to angels, citing several Old Testament sources:
5 For to which of the angels did God ever say,
“You are my Son; today I have become your Father”?
“I will be his Father, and he will be my Son”?
6 And again, when God brings his firstborn into the world, he says,
“Let all God’s angels worship him.”
7 In speaking of the angels he says,
“He makes his angels spirits, and his servants flames of fire.”
8 But about the Son he says,
“Your throne, O God, will last for ever and ever; a scepter of justice will be the scepter of your kingdom. 9 You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness; therefore God, your God, has set you above your companions by anointing you with the oil of joy.”
10 He also says,
“In the beginning, Lord, you laid the foundations of the earth, and the heavens are the work of your hands. 11 They will perish, but you remain; they will all wear out like a garment. 12 You will roll them up like a robe; like a garment they will be changed. But you remain the same, and your years will never end.”
13 To which of the angels did God ever say,
“Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet”?
14 Are not all angels ministering spirits sent to serve those who will inherit salvation?
In some cases it's clear, but in the bold passages I'm not sure how Jesus is involved.
Verses 8-9 are the easier ones - by God is meant Jesus (the Son, second person of Trinity) in this context. Is it OK, or is it more complicated?
For 10-12, I understand that the Son was present and active in the creation of the world as the Word through which everything was created, and that death of the body didn't mean that Son ceased to be God. I'm not absolutely sure about the first part and I'm confused by the second one.
Can you help me to understand it?