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This is with reference to the two passages

2 Chronicles 26:

Then all the people of Judah took Uzziah, who was sixteen years old, and made him king in the room of his father Amaziah.
2 He built Eloth, and restored it to Judah, after that the king slept with his fathers.
3 Sixteen years old was Uzziah when he began to reign, and he reigned fifty and two years in Jerusalem. His mother's name also was Jecoliah of Jerusalem.

and 2 Kings 15:

In the twenty and seventh year of Jeroboam king of Israel began Azariah son of Amaziah king of Judah to reign.
2 Sixteen years old was he when he began to reign, and he reigned two and fifty years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Jecholiah of Jerusalem.

It seems pretty clear that both the chapters are referring to the same person? Why then are the names mentioned different?

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could be two explanations or both

  • one name is reigning name one is personal
  • Hebrew word roots "-z-z" root of Uzziah and "-z-r" root of Azariah , they both mean "strong" as playing on words.

    interesting note :

Probably the best explanation is to regard one as a birth name and the other as a throne name taken at the time of his accession (A. Honeyman, “The Evidence for Regnal Names among the Hebrews,” JBL 67 [1948] 13–25); cf. other possible examples in the cases of Shallum-Jehoahaz (Jer 22:11), Eliakim-Jehoiakim (2 Kgs 23:34), and Mattaniah-Zedekiah (2 Kgs 24:17). The Chronicler’s consistent use of “Uzziah” in this chapter may be to facilitate distinguishing the king from the high priest Azariah (26:17, 20).

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