One thing I like to point out in pondering such passages is the obvious development of a whole new religious dimension in the NT that is absent in the OT. I mean, wouldn't Moses find such a discussion to be bizarre and unintelligible? But in the NT, daemons, devils, "filthy breaths", etc. abound everywhere and are the cause of all kinds of ills including disease. These ideas evidently arose from the influence of the scrolls of Enoch:
8 And now, the giants, who are produced from the spirits and flesh, shall be called evil spirits upon 9 the earth, and on the earth shall be their dwelling. Evil spirits have proceeded from their bodies; because they are born from men and from the holy Watchers is their beginning and primal origin; 10 they shall be evil spirits on earth, and evil spirits shall they be called. [As for the spirits of heaven, in heaven shall be their dwelling, but as for the spirits of the earth which were born upon the earth, on the earth shall be their dwelling.] And the spirits of the giants afflict, oppress, destroy, attack, do battle, and work destruction on the earth, and cause trouble: they take no food, but nevertheless 12 hunger and thirst, and cause offences. And these spirits shall rise up against the children of men and against the women, because they have proceeded from them.
This seems to be the background of the passage we are considering. (The scrolls of Enoch were considered scripture by the authors of the NT and early Christians). So Jesus is alluding to the assertion that these thirsty troublemakers came from humans and "therefore" rise up against them. (There is no rationale given for why they would afflict the species they proceeded from. Jesus gives a rationale).