In Hebrews 11, at the end of the Hall of Faith, we get a short list:
And what more shall I say? For time would fail me to tell of Gideon, Barak, Samson, Jephthah, of David and Samuel and the prophets—Hebrews 11:32 (ESV)
This list resembles a list of Judges in Samuel:
And the LORD sent Jerubbaal and Barak and Jephthah and Samuel and delivered you out of the hand of your enemies on every side, and you lived in safety.—1st Samuel 12:11 (ESV)
When you know that
Jerubbaal = Gideon and that the list in Samuel was intended to show that a king was superfluous to God's plan, which is why he excluded David, the lists are even closer. Finally, we know that Samson was present in the list of 1st Samuel 12:11 as rendered by the Targum (Aramaic) and Peshitta (Syriac).
Is it legitimate to:
- Assume the author of Hebrews is quoting Samuel's list,
- Find the intersection of versions of the list that best cover what is found in Hebrews 11:32, and
- Presume that the author of Hebrews was familiar with the languages that are represented by that set?
If so, what are the languages?