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What day of the week was the day of Pentecost falling on in Acts 2? Was it Saturday or Sunday? Or some other day?

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A fact to remember is the day begins at evening, or sundown(Gen.1:5,8,13,19,12,31), if the meeting was in Sunday don't think they gathered a Sunday morning as do 'church' today. They gathered in Saturday night (Sunday). –  Wlanez Jul 19 '12 at 13:31
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3 Answers

It is impossible for Yeshua to have been crucified on a Friday as he had to be in the tomb "three days and three nights". The misunderstanding comes from not reconciling both the Sabbath of the 1st day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread and the weekly (Saturday) Sabbath. There were two Sabbaths that week; Yeshua died on Passover, but the Jews had changed the dates, consolidating the Passover with the first day of the Feast when they are two separate days. Passover is on the 14th of Abib, Feast of Unleavened Bread starts on the 15th and goes through the 21st - both 1st and last days are considered 'high Sabbaths'- other than the weekly Sabbath.

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Thank you for sharing this insight. What bearing does this have on which day of the week Pentecost fell on as recorded in Acts 2? Please edit your answer to include this and show how the one logically leads to the other. Here are the basic requirements for answers on this site: 1) focus on the text; 2) show all work logically, step by step; 3) support every assertion with quotes/link/citation to credible sources; 4) stop short of application (this site deals with what the text means, not what difference it makes); 5) be sure to answer the question. That should get you off to a good start. –  Sarah Mar 23 at 16:42
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The answer to this question is found in the Hebrew Bible--the day was Sunday. In order to understand the parallel, one must assume and then accept the Scriptures with the PLAIN and NORMAL understanding of its own words and meanings.

In other words, the VERY SAME DAY that the Mosaic Covenant was inaugurated to the nation of Israel on Sinai (Sunday) was the VERY SAME DAY that the New Covenant was announced to the nation of Israel (Sunday). The timing was exactly 50 days from the day as mentioned in Leviticus 23:16.

Thus in the former case, the law of God was written on stones; in the latter, the law of God was then written on hearts. In the former case the Feast of First Fruits marked the blessing of water from heaven (that precipitated abundant crops); in the latter case, this water from heaven was eternal life (that precipitated the "first fruits of the Spirit" mentioned in Romans 8:23). Please click here for an overview depiction to compare and contrast the concepts and the respective timelines concerned.

The parallels are remarkable (and breathtaking) when we assume and then accept the Scriptures with the PLAIN and NORMAL understanding of its own words and meanings.

In summary, there is no academic sophistry here--"Pentecost" thus occurred on a Sunday as we view the parallels from the Hebrew Bible.

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Interesting. Thank you. sorry, but I can't dive deeper into it at the moment. This matter seems to be quite deep and complicated, but the parallels in your answer seem to make it simple and, I agree, they are really breathtaking! –  brilliant Oct 16 '13 at 1:55
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There is not full agreement among different people. According to the People's New Testament it fell on a Sunday (50 days after Christ rose from the dead) and this seems to make sense to me because the death, burial, resurrection, and blessing of the Sprit all have a meaningful relationship with existing Jewish feats.

Pentecost, one of the three great annual festivals of the Jews, lasted only one day, was on the fiftieth day from the morrow after the passover Sabbath (Le 23:15-22). The Savior, crucified on Friday, was in the tomb on the passover Sabbath, and rose on Sunday, the day from whence the count began. The Sunday following would be the eighth day, and the fiftieth day would fall on Sunday, the first day of the eighth week. Hence, the ancient church observed Pentecost on the first day of the week. For fuller discussion, see Meyer, Howson and Milligan on this passage. All agree that Pentecost come on Sunday. Pentecost was the feast of the grain harvest, and was also held by the Jews to be the anniversary of the giving of the law (Ex 23:16 34:22,23). People's New Testament

I agree with the People's New Testament calculation partly because it matches so well with the symbolism of the events, which seems to be a biblical way of events naturally occurring. Sometimes when we get deep into the nifty gritty about Jewish things, such as this, I prefer to find a source that Jewish Christians support as they are more aware of the Laws of Moses then regular Christians are (although not always of course).

From a Jewish Christian site I found an excellent article on the subject explaining why it fell on a Sunday and why objections to this argument are not well founded:

The fulfillment of these feasts is striking. Jesus died the Friday of Passover week and had to be buried hastily before sunset, which was when the Sabbath began. His body remained in the borrowed sepulchre throughout the Sabbath day, but on that Sunday morning, when the priest was to offer the First Fruits offering in the Temple, Christ arose from the dead, the first fruits of them that slept (I Cor. 15:20).

For forty ensuing days, the Lord appeared to His disciples in His resurrection body, and then ascended into Heaven. Ten days later, the Sunday of the Feast of Pentecost, the Holy Spirit descended upon the believers in Jerusalem and created the ekklesia, the called out body of Christ, the church. These fulfillments were obviously no coincidence, but were part of the overall plan and purpose of God in verifying the powerful meaning of the death and resurrection of Christ, and the establishment of the new body of believers. (Thomas S. McCall)

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"Hence, the ancient church observed Pentecost on the first day of the week." the People's New Testament is presuming the assembly gathered every first day as the Sadducee did annomundi.com/bible/firstfruits3.htm –  Wlanez Jul 19 '12 at 13:41
    
The Karite Jews (sect of Judaism) to this day, count the omer from the day after the Sabbath after Passover to the day after the seventh Sabbath. –  Sarah Oct 13 '13 at 23:47
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