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Yesterday's sermon at the church we visited was about Father's Day and referenced this passage:

And [Jesus] said, “Abba, Father, all things are possible for you. Remove this cup from me. Yet not what I will, but what you will.”—Mark 14:36 (ESV)

I understand that Abba probably doesn't mean "daddy", but does it imply a more intimate relationship between humanity and God than is found in the Tanakh?

Clearly, there is a Jewish concept of God as Father, yet He is generally represented as accessible only on His own terms. Do passages like this (which show Jesus respectfully petitioning God to change His mind, so to speak) show God as more approachable than the contemporary Jewish understanding?

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This probably needs more tags. – Jon Ericson Jun 19 '12 at 0:16
@Monica: I'm wondering if Jesus' way of addressing God would have been shocking or unusual for a Jew of his time. The pastor said it would have been seen as outrageous, but I'm not so sure. – Jon Ericson Jun 19 '12 at 6:51
Hoshea likens the relationship between God and Israel to that between bride and groom. Do you want more intimate than that? – Eli Rosencruft Jun 19 '12 at 19:08
@Eli: That's a good point. But could an individual claim such a relationship? (I think I need to develop the question a bit more.) – Jon Ericson Jun 19 '12 at 20:28
The problem is that the OT is about Israel's relation to God. That's the viewpoint. There was no modern concept of the individual, or of individual redemption in the OT apart from the redemption of the faith community. – Eli Rosencruft Jun 20 '12 at 2:52

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