What were the main conclusions reached by the Tubingen School of Ferdinand Christian Baur? What impact did they have on the field of hermeneutics?
From the article about the Tubingen School Atheism.About.com, we find this quote:
I believe that the source (Atheism.About.com) completely discredits the first word ("Unfortunately"), however the rest seems to be sound.
Baur and his scholars applied Hegelian philosophies to Christian history. Hegelianism can be summarized by the statement "the rational alone is real". This, as can be seen directly from the statement, is a very naturalistic doctrine. (IE there is nothing in this world other than what can be studied by the natural sciences.)
While clearly this philosophy is an atheistic one, he used the concepts to apply them to Christian history. Using these atheistic viewpoints, they came to the conclusion that the key to early Christianity was the conflict between Peter and Paul. Peter, being the leader of the Jewish party while Paul led a gentile party. Peter was the thesis while Paul was the antithesis.
While this atheistic viewpoint may seem to be a detriment, some view it as a positive trait:
It seems that while Baur's influence faded, it appears that the concepts that he introduced of removing theology from the analysis of Christian History seem to remain. While these principles are not all-pervasive (as can be seen in the hermeneutic principles of inerrancy and reverence), they clearly have had an impact on theology scholars.