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When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. Acts 2:1

Is there any way to tell from the text who they were? Was it The New Twelve (as evidenced by Acts 2:14) or a larger number, possibly 120 (as evidenced by Acts 1:13-15)?

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This is interesting to me because I know different denominations have different beliefs and I'm looking for an objective answer. –  Wikis May 9 '12 at 8:55
    
@JonEricson: thx for the bounty! Very noble. Why did you do it? –  Wikis May 11 '12 at 19:00
    
Perhaps 2:15 implies only men were filled with The Holy Spirit? (I hope not!) –  Wikis May 11 '12 at 19:08
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Basically, I have more reputation than I need to access all the privileges, so I'm hoping to help others build up their site reputation. I've been looking at highly rated unanswered questions and seeing if I can't fix them up or get them answered. –  Jon Ericson May 11 '12 at 19:20
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1 Answer

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If you follow the pronoun 'they' backwards, you finally discover who was being referred to in:

1.15 ¶ And in those days Peter stood up in the midst of the disciples, and said, (the number of names together were about an hundred and twenty,)

So 'they' the 120 were all together. But did 'they' get the Spirit?

Peter quotes Joel to say that the prophecy was fulfilled that day:

17 And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams: 18 And on my servants and on my handmaidens I will pour out in those days of my Spirit; and they shall prophesy:

In order for Joel to be fulfilled, daughters, servants and handmaids had to be included in the number. This suggests that all 120 got the Spirit.

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