What is the definition of the Greek word γενεά (genea)? I have heard that it means "nation", and that it means "generation." I am wondering because I was looking at this list. It says that the work is generation, but I still would like further information. I also look at the definition of genea in the NT Greek lexicon.
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According to Kittel's TDNT the root meaning of γενεά is 'birth', 'what is born', 'descendant'. How this root meaning is extended in common use to 'generation' seems to me to be taking the notion of 'a descendant' under a 'collective' rather than 'individual' sense. From this sense it is used as 'an age', either in times past, or the totality of those living as contemporaries.
We can see this root definition in other Greek words, such as *γενεα*λογία 'genealogical tree', or *γενεα*λογέω, 'one who gives an account of descent or draws up a genealogy', or ἀ*γενεα*λόητος, 'without descent'.