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Is the “name” of the Lord singular or collective in meaning?

Matt 28:19 (KJV)
19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:

Here, the word “name” is singular. Is the implication that Father, Son, and Holy Ghost has/have one “name”?

Notwithstanding, how can we come to understand the comments of Peter in the Book of Acts?

Acts 2:38 (KJV)
38 Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost

Is the apostle Peter in error when he refers to the “name” of Jesus as singular in meaning (that is, in reference to the one person of the Son)? In other words, how do we reconcile one “name” when there appears to be some plurality of persons involved in varying contexts?

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The answer will need to address the text criticism issue in the Matthew passage. –  Jas 3.1 Jul 22 at 21:02
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Vince, welcome - I refined your question; hope I captured the gist of your question. Also, feel free to copy the formatting for future posts (for example, how to display and hyperlink the verses for easy viewing). Thanks! –  Joseph Jul 23 at 3:26
    
@Joseph thank you. –  Vince Jul 23 at 15:34
    
@Vince I sense there's more to this question than meets the eye-are you arguing for "Jesus Only"(Apostolic Holiness)? A single passage will not resolve the controversy, yet if you look at Jesus's baptism, the evidence for the Trinity is irrefutable. There is also the matter of Christian tradition, from the Didache onward which confirmed the Trinity. –  user2479 Jul 24 at 5:26

3 Answers 3

The Bible has a long history of using plurality and singularity interchangeably. You have already keyed in on one verse, but another is Deuteronomy 6:4. "Sh'ma Yisrael, Yahweh Eloheinu, Yahweh Echad" or translated - "Hear, O Israel, the LORD is our God, the LORD is One! ". In Elohenu and it's root Elohim are plural in form.

As such, most modern Christian scholars believe that this refers to the paradoxical triune nature of God as outlined in the Nicene Creed

According to Strong's Concordance, the word for "Name" used here in greek - ὄνομα | onoma entails and includes not just the moniker, but the entire essence, being and idea behind the moniker. In this way, to be baptized in God's name is to be baptized by God himself just as the 12 Apostles were at Pentecost.

As such, in this case it proper to use the singular and plural forms interchangeably when referring to God because although he has many names, there is only one God.

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Also, this question appears to be a duplicate of hermeneutics.stackexchange.com/questions/12848/… –  James Shewey Aug 7 at 23:58

The name of the Lord is both singular in as much as it pertains to God, and collective, in as much as it refers to God as Father, God the Word (Son of God as Scripture refers to Him), or God as Spirit.

God told Moses, in regard to His name:

13 Then Moses said to God, "Indeed, when I come to the children of Israel and say to them, 'The God of your fathers has sent me to you,' and they say to me, 'What is His name?' what shall I say to them?" 14 And God said to Moses, "I AM WHO I AM." And He said, "Thus you shall say to the children of Israel, 'I AM has sent me to you.' "15 Moreover God said to Moses, "Thus you shall say to the children of Israel: 'YHWH God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you. This is My name forever, and this is My memorial to all generations.' (NKJV with YHWH)

Consider the parallel lines in this account:

God said to Moses, "I AM WHO I AM."
Thus you shall say to the children of Israel,
'I AM has sent me to you.' "
15 Moreover God said to Moses,
"Thus you shall say to the children of Israel:
'YHWH God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob,
has sent me to you.
This is My name forever, and this is My memorial to all generations.'

Somehow, I-A-Who-I-Am is parallel with YHWH is parallel with I-Am.
I-Am-What/Who-I-Am communicates that whatever is His nature or His character, that is His name. We have a few distinct examples in what have been regarded as His "Compound names":--He-Is-Righteousness. He-Is-Healer. He-Is-Shalom. He-Is-Shepherd. By the rest of the account we see that this is His name forever!

So, we consider, the name Jesus. This name means Yah-is-Salvation. Is it the nature and character of God to save? Is He, He-Who-Saves?

The writer of Hebrews says, Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, today and forever. Was He always the Word incarnate? No. So in what way is He the same yesterday, today and forever? Well, His name refers to His character, Yah-Salvation/Yah-Saves. He was not a man always! But He was God always! Judge for yourselves whether this is the name of God/the Spirit of God.

Jesus, as the Son of God said,

43 I have come in My Father's name, and you do not receive Me; if another comes in his own name, him you will receive.

Jesus was the name of God because he was given this name as a man. The incarnation was the manner in which God came to save. It was God who came to save!

In reconciling the use of the name in regard to a singular person, Jesus is still only one name whether the name is used to refer to Father, Son, or Holy Spirit. Father, Word (became Son) and Spirit are one. If one considers in what way Father, Word and Spirit are one (namely one God), God's name is He-Who-Saves. Father, Word/Son and Spirit may rightly be referred to as Jesus.

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This does not address the Grammar, but rather the Theology of the matter. –  Sarah Aug 11 at 14:31

Warning: This is meat, and some Christians still need milk. I ask for Patience and Forgiveness while understanding this message. However simply because some, because of disbelief may not even read all of this. Those that can continue in its entirety in fullness of understanding, I tell you whatever is doubtful will become clear, so I ask that errors that you perceive be forgiven until the fullness of the presentation. I could be more delicate in offering perspective. However I do not feel like writing a book so a little faith please. Even if I am wrong on a matter from your perspective. I ask you to continue slowly because Each Bold Title could be its own chapter. Each Bold Title is important for the Next One. Thank You.

To understand "How" Jesus is the name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit, and of Baptism we will need the following:

  • Understanding the Name of the Father
  • Understanding the Name of the Son
  • Transliteration to the English word (Jesus)
  • Understanding the Need for the Son
  • We See that God Decides to Send an Example to Walk the Ten Commandments
  • Understanding the Title Christ
  • Understanding the Need for Baptism
  • Understanding the Need for the Spirit
  • Baptism of the Holy Spirit as a fulfillment of the Law
  • The Result of Following the Ten Commandments
  • Those that Believe in Jesus
  • Those that Live and Believe in Jesus
  • Those that Do not Believe in Jesus
  • Understanding the First Commandment
  • Some Teachings About this Commandment
  • Is Jesus Christ the name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit?
  • Conclusion

Since the questioner asked using KJV the response will be in KJV and Pure Greek or Hebrew. Except for simplicity the part about the Ten Commandments which are written from the English Standard Version. Yet if you consider only the KJV your welcome to compare to the KJV for that part.

Understanding the Name of the Father
The name YEOU(יהוה) is the Hebrew rendering for the "Name of the Creator". This is different then ELOHIM(אֱלֹהִים) which means "Powerful Teacher Revealing the Working Water". Now Elohim has traditionally been used as the name for God. However since being the Elohim is a state it is a plural word. God was indeed the first Elohim for he was the first to work the waters making creation. He also provides the water(which is a metaphor for knowledge).

Understanding the Name of the Son
The name YESHOU(ישוע) is the Hebrew rendering for the "Name of the Creator Who Saves". It is sometimes rendered (Yeshua) however the Greek rendering (Ἰησοῦ) does not support the pronunciation of the final hebrew (Ayin) which is usually considered a Silent Letter. YEOU + SH(Salvation) = YESHOU.

Transliteration to the English word (Jesus)
The Greek Form of the Hebrew "Y" sound is "I"
The Greek Form of the Hebrew "E" sound is "E"
The Greek Form of the Hebrew "SH" sound is "S"
The Greek Form of the Hebrew "OU" sound is "OU"

So the Hebrew(YESHOU) changes in its pronunciation when going to the Greek (YESOU) because the lack of a SH sound in the Greek. The Final Sigma for the version Ἰησοῦς (Iēsous). I have heard has something to do with name formatting in Greek. Leaving a Greek pronunciation sounding like (YESOUS).

The distinctive usage of the letter J emerged in Middle High German Gian Giorgio Trissino (1478–1550). Being used as a fancy form of the Greek letter "I" at the end of roman numerals. So when looking at the Greek what was written as (Ἰησοῦς) looked like (Jησοῦς) when written fancy. The sound form carries through when Transliterated to the English form.

The English Form of the Greek "I/J" sound is "J"
The English Form of the Greek "E" sound is "E"
The English Form of the Greek "S" sound is "S"
The English Form of the Greek "OU" sound is "U"
The English Form of the Greek "S" sound is "S"

Understanding the Need for the Son

And they said unto Moses, Speak thou with us, and we will hear: but let not God speak with us, lest we die. (Exodus 20:19 KJV)

During the time of God giving the "Ten Commandments" {REF: Exodus 20:1-17}.

We See that God Decides to Send an Example to Walk the Ten Commandments

Thou shalt be perfect with the Lord thy God. 14 For these nations, which thou shalt possess, hearkened unto observers of times, and unto diviners: but as for thee, the Lord thy God hath not suffered thee so to do. 15 The Lord thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; unto him ye shall hearken; 16 According to all that thou desiredst of the Lord thy God in Horeb in the day of the assembly, saying, Let me not hear again the voice of the Lord my God, neither let me see this great fire any more, that I die not. 17 And the Lord said unto me, They have well spoken that which they have spoken. 18 I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him. (Deuteronomy 18:13-18 KJV)

Understanding the Title Christ

The Lord thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; unto him ye shall hearken; (Deuteronomy 18:15 KJV)

(ancient Greek: Χριστός, Christós, meaning 'anointed') is a translation of the Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ (Māšîaḥ). This title (Anointed / King / High Priest) was given to this prophet because God said "unto him ye shall hearken".

Understanding the Need for Baptism

Thou shalt be perfect with the Lord thy God. (Deuteronomy 18:13 KJV)

This is no small command. Nor does it leave room for imperfection. This is the expectation. Sending the Prophet is part of How God plans to create this perfection. Baptism into the Name of Jesus is the result of the Plan.

Understanding the Need for the Spirit

But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die. (Genesis 2:17 KJV)

God was happy when Adam and Eve did not KNOW what was functional and dysfunctional.

If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door. And unto thee shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule over him. (Genesis 4:7 KJV)

When we receive the knowledge of any error we are at risk of Sin and Death. Knowing of Error and of Functionality gives birth to Sin. For without the Knowledge of Error and of Functionality there is not sin.

And he that doubteth is damned if he eat, because he eateth not of faith: for whatsoever is not of faith is sin. (Romans 14:23 KJV)

Without faith coming into the knowledge of Error affects our Spirit. Now the context of Romans 14 specifies of food. However, the reasoning still applies.

Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen. (Hebrews 11:1 KJV)

So this hope, that is received by faith, is the cure to the knowledge of error.

But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, 23 Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law. (Galatians 5:22-23 KJV)

So the Spirit remains perfect before the Lord thy God.

Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, 20 Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies, 21 Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God. (Galatians 5:19-21 KJV)

However a response with the flesh at the realization of the knowledge of error continues its condemnation. Because the Spirit falls to Anger, Depression, and Anxiety.

Baptism of the Holy Spirit as a fulfillment of the Law

For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other: so that ye cannot do the things that ye would. (Galatians 5:17 KJV)

Now this is often misunderstood for the "Response of the Flesh" = "Life for Life" {Ref: Deuteronomy 19:21} and the "Response of the Spirit" = "Do Not Kill" {Exodus 20:13 KJV}. These laws indeed are contrary to each other. For how can you "not kill" if you are "told to kill"?

For if by one man's offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ. (Romans 5:17 KJV)

So by one man because of eating the fruits came the fall of the spirit (Anger, Depression, and Anxiety) by one man the maintaining of the Holy Spirit (Love, Peace, and Joy). So now though we know of Error by hope we preserve the spirit, and though we know of Functionality by humility we preserve the spirit.

The Result of Following the Ten Commandments

And when he was gone forth into the way, there came one running, and kneeled to him, and asked him, Good Master, what shall I do that I may inherit eternal life? 18 And Jesus said unto him, Why callest thou me good? there is none good but one, that is, God. 19 Thou knowest the commandments, Do not commit adultery, Do not kill, Do not steal, Do not bear false witness, Defraud not, Honour thy father and mother. 20 And he answered and said unto him, Master, all these have I observed from my youth. 21 Then Jesus beholding him loved him, and said unto him, One thing thou lackest: go thy way, sell whatsoever thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come, take up the cross, and follow me. (Mark 10:17-21 KJV)

Regardless how you consider the numberings to the Ten Commandments when you subtract the mentioned Commandments stated here by the Jesus you are left with "I am the Lord thy God, Thou shalt have no other gods before me, Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, Thou shalt not covet (neighbor's house), Thou shalt not covet (neighbor's wife), Thou shalt not covet (neighbor's servants, animals, or anything else), and Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy" (This is if you consider "Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain" as "Defraud not" however and whatever, I want past this so to continue.)

Jesus summarizes all of this into one statement "One thing thou lackest: go thy way, sell whatsoever thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come, take up the cross, and follow me." Those that do not understand his teachings will consider this as actual possessions however he speaks of the thoughts that one possess, and how your thinking about what to say is contrary to hearing the word.

Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live: 26 And whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die. Believest thou this? (John 11:25-26 KJV)

So we see that three categories exist from perspective.

  • Those that Believe in Jesus
  • Those that Live and Believe in Jesus
  • Those that Do not Believe in Jesus

Those that Believe in Jesus
These have been set free from the power of the Knowledge of Good and Evil. They will die and rise at the resurrection.

Those that Live and Believe in Jesus
These have been set free from the power of the Knowledge of Good and Evil. They understand the teachings of Jesus and can correctly walk the Ten Commandments never dying.

Those that Do not Believe in Jesus

Ye shall know them by their fruits. (Matthew 7:16a KJV)

These the power of the Knowledge of Good and Evil consume their spirit unto death. And can be discerned by their emotional display of the Spirit "Fruits of Death"(Anger, Depression, and Anxiety) or "Fruits of Life"(Love, Peace, and Joy etc.).

Only God is given the right for "Righteous Anger" {Ref: Romans 12:19 NKJV} your excuses will not redeem you from death. What Jesus did in the Temple was his right only.

Understanding the First Commandment as I see it

Thou shalt have no other gods before me. 4 Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. 5 Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; 6 And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments. (Exodus 20:3-6 KJV)

When a person talks of the truth they are the Elohim. God is in the water coming out of the Hosts Mouth. While the person is talking we are not to come to the Sower with a truth made in likeness to what the Sower is saying. Nor are we to bend away from the Word to serve anything in heaven above, the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. Because the anger caused by the Jealousy caused by the iniquity of the father can be taken out to the children, grand children and even great grand children. Indeed even having a thought in your head risks loss to the Sowers message, breaking the commandment.

Some Teachings About this Commandment

  • Sower | Birds Take Away the Seed (Doesn't Remember Because Never Understood)
  • Sower | Stoney Ground (Doesn't Remember Because Never Cared)
  • Sower | Thorny Ground (Doesn't Remember Because Caring About World Things)
  • Sower | Good Ground (Remembers - Producing Fruit 30, 60, 100)
  • The Grain of Wheat (Killing Own Truth, Brings More Truth In)
  • Weeds in the Grain or the Tares (Gather Truth and Error Trust God to Sort it Out)
  • The Net (Gather Truth and Error Trust God to Sort it Out)
  • The Seed Growing Secretly (Small Truths Grow in Understanding Even Without You Knowing)
  • The Mustard Seed (Even Small Truths Can Bring Relief)
  • The Leaven (Even Understanding an Incorrect Perspective Can Bring Joy)
  • The Budding Fig Tree (Coming Destruction When You Bend Away)
  • The Birds of Heaven (Even Small Truths Bring Joy To Us Evil Ones)
  • Leaking Wine Bag (In One Ear Out the Other)

Is Jesus Christ the name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit?

I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him. (Deuteronomy 18:18 KJV)

So the Physical Body is the Prophet who is "fully man" yet God. (It is like thinking of yourself, the thought is you, however it is still 100% a thought.)

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. (John 1:1 KJV)

The words that the Prophet spoke are purely words that came from God for God said "will put my words in his mouth". (It is like thinking of yourself saying something, you are the one saying it, but it said through your thought.)

But without faith it is impossible to please him: for he that cometh to God must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him. (Hebrews 11:6 KJV)

The Spirit is the State of Consciousness that provides the (attitude/mood/emotional) display of (Love, Peace, Joy etc.). This is the display that God is pleased with. It is given as a result of what God did / does and taught / teaches. It was the State of Consciousness given to the Prophet/Body as a display as an example to follow. All that Believe in Jesus will receive the promise of this State of Consciousness through "Faith and Forgiveness". As well as the promise that if one has the State of Consciousness and perfectly follows the Ten Commandments that they will never die.

Conclusion
The “name” of the Lord singular. Yet anyone one can become the Elohim(Vessel of Truth) so it is plural. If one repents(stops and turns away from) sinning (trusting in the flesh to respond to the knowledge of error / giving credit to the vessel rather then God for functionality), then the Spirit shall be received as a gift.

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Also as a pointer God likes to dimensionality explain something for example, if in front of your body you think of selling and buying what is needed when receiving the word you are under wrath. So even the physical display of Wrath in front of the temple. Was a teaching to us. How many more ways can he put it? ^^ Loving the Word is Loving your Neighbor. "And Jesus said unto him, No man, having put his hand to the plough, and looking back, is fit for the kingdom of God." (Luke 9:62 KJV) –  Only he is good. Aug 8 at 17:54

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