In Ezekiel 8:14 the prophet is taken up in a vision, and shown women who "Weep for Tummuz." The passage does not explain what that means, although these women are engaged in some form of idolatry. My Bible footnotes tells me it is a "fertility god." I understand this passage is in context with Israel's idolatry, but what are they specifically engaged in when they are "Weeping for Tummuz"?
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This is a good question. The information available is very complex, so I have gleaned the most relevent information to answer the question. To begin, @lasersauce made the correct observation that
In this regard, Becking and Dijkistra (1996) provide important historical details. That is, there are similarities with the death of the Canaanite God Baal and Tammuz written in the In the Ras Shamra texts. In one of the studies the writer observes that
In summary, the sources indicate several parallels between Tammuz and the Canaanite god Baal.
According to J. R. Dummelow, Tammuz was
Here is a an additional source, covering most of the same information, but more recently printed, although not as plainly laid out.
Tammuz was an actual person. He was not a god/deity though he was worshiped like one after his death. He was the son of Nimrod. And this is how it goes: Nimrod was descended directly from Noah- Noah had a son named Ham. Ham had a son named Cush. Cush married a woman named Semiramis and they had a son named Nimrod. When Cush died, Nimrod married his mother Semiramis. When Nimrod died Semiramis was pregnant. When she had the baby, she named him Tammuz. Semiramis believed Tammuz was Nimrod reincarnated. **Nimrod was a powerful king. He was the one building the tower of Babel.